Pangola grass (Digitaria eriantha Steud) is a tropical grass widespread in many humid tropical and subtropical regions, used extensively for grazing, hay and silage.It is often considered to be one of the higher quality tropical grasses (Cook et al., 2005).Morphology. Ne comprend pas la distribution altitudinale, qui est traité dans le champ "habitat". (Lambinon & al. different: the pedicelated spikelet is very hairy (bristling with hair) while the sessile spikelet appears glabrous (J. Bosser, 1969). Leaf type Grass or grass-like . Weed Science Society of the Philippines. A Morphology-Based Cladistic Analysis of Digitaria (Poaceae, Panicoideae, Paniceae) Andrea S. Vega,1 Gabriel H. Rua,1 Liliana T. Fabbri,1 and Zulma E. Rugolo de Agrasar2!Catedra de Botanica Agricola, Facultad de Agronomia, Universidad de Buenos Aires, Avenida San … pentzii Digitaria eriantha subsp. Roem. Digitaria Haller. D. ciliaris is an annual grass, typically decumbent, rooting at the nodes and spreading to form untidy patches up to 1 m across and 50 cm high, although under crowded conditions it will grow more erect with culms up to 1 m high. Synonym(s) ... Morphology. Guyane : D. ciliaris est une espèce fréquemment rencontrée que ce soit en culture fruitière ou maraichère. 2004). Hafliger E., Scholz H. 1980. noeuds légèrement pubescents. Digitaria commutata of Bouhedma (-0.56 MPa), Cenchrus ciliaris, Medenine (-0.54 MPa) and minimum in the population of Matmata (-0.53 MPa), at the end of the first cycle of drought. Inventory of Canadian Agricultural Weeds (click here) Leaf arrangement Alternate . Switzerland. Un descriptif textuel de l'espèce pas nécessairement structuré. Lemma et paléa de même texture, ciliées à 2 nervures, de 3 mm de long pour l’épillet fertile. Common in invasive species communities. Br., subtribe Anthephorinae Benth.) Limbe ovale et pubescent, de 2,5 à 3,5 mm de long et 1,0 à 1,5 mm de large. Weeds of rice in Indonesia. Poaceae . Buffel grass (Cenchrus ciliaris L.) is a valuable tropical grass cultivated in Africa, Australia, and India. Accepted name. 2003. Catindig JLA, Barrion AT, Litsinger JA. Seychelles : absente. Leaf: alternate, thin with a whitish wrinkled margin, lance-shaped, 5—10—cm—long; bluish green with a white midrib; upper surface has sparse long hairs; prominent membranous ligule with long white hairs. Grass-like leaf type Grass leaf . Distribution mondiale Galinato M., Moody K., Piggin C. M. 1999. Koeler Accepted name. a. Grasses • Members of the family Graminae (Poaceae) • Leaves are long and narrow, which usually arise ... Digitaria ciliaris Echinochloa colona. Les feuilles ont un limbe plat et étroit dont le bord est finement ondulé et accroche un peu. A. Ischaemum rugosum Leptochloa chinensis. IRRI. Southern crabgrass [ Digitaria ciliaris (Retz.) "Plantes des rizières de Guyane." Environ. Endothecium developed fibrous thickenings at the 3-celled pollen grain stage in D. bicornis and at the 1-nucleate pollen grain stage in D. ciliaris. Includes Invasiveness. Lutte chimique : Application en pré-émergence de butachlore à 1,5 kg a.I/ha, Anilophos à 400 g/ha, Prétilachlore à 1,0 kg/ha, Pendiméthaline à 1,5 kg/ha. Palabras clave: Digitaria badia, Digitaria michoacanensis, grupo Ternata, México, Paniceae. Digitaria is a surprisingly complex genus, despite the existence of a world monograph (Henrard 1950). Cayenne, Guyane, FREDON Guyane: 186.https://portal.wiktrop.org/document/show/173. nubica, native to Northeast Africa, were completely overlooked in Belgium due to their close morphological resemblance to Digitaria sanguinalis and Digitaria ischaemum. (2007). Iselya 2(2) : 3-13. Entomol. (1969). In this study, the allelopathic properties of Medicago sativa on different weeds were investigated under in vitro conditions. Echinochloa crus-galli ssp. Les tiges sont d’abord couchées et s’enracinent aux noeuds, puis, se redressent et peuvent mesurer jusqu’à 70 cm de hauteur. The current map showing distribution of species is only indicative. Les Digitaires sont souvent difficiles à différencier. from http://plantes-rizieres-guyane.cirad.fr/. A. Randriamampianina, A. P. Andrianaivo and F. Théveny (2008). Etude des mauvaises herbes dans la rotation cotonnière (cotonnier, maïs, sorgho, ara... La caractérisation des enherbements de la canne à sucre à la Réunion... Caractérisation des enherbement en culture d'ananas à La Réunion, Ligule membranous and short ciliate with hairs around the ligule, Ligule ciliate with hairs around the ligule, Ligule membranous and long ciliate with hairs around the ligule, Ligule membranous with hairs around the ligule, Ligule corneous and short ciliate with hair around the ligule, Ligule corneous and long ciliate with hairs around the ligule, Capsule splitting vertically in 3 carpels, Capsule splitting vertically in 2 carpels, Capitule with tubular and ligulate flowers, In addition to the size of the ligule, which is considerably more developed for, cm), with subdigitated inflorescences of very variable number of digitized racems, 4 to 15 cm long, while. 1990. Lemma ciliée à 7 nervures, paléa manquante pour l’épillet stérile. In applications of the commercial dose to Digitaria ciliaris weed species, 15 days after emergence, the control at 28 DAA provided by the herbicide fluazifop-p-butyl was of 87.5%, and by sethoxydim was of 99.0% (López Ovejero, et al., 2005), corroborating the results found herein. ... Digitaria ciliaris Retz. Digitaria biformis Willd.). In: Progress in upland rice research. Stem: smooth, flattened, ascending, bent, branching and rooting at nodes. Digitaria ciliaris (Retz.) Annual. Marge scabre, légèrement ondulée dans le tiers inférieur. Koeler et Digitaria bicornis (Lam.) Digitaria ciliaris est une graminée qui se développe en tache. Documenta Ciba-Geigy. http://idao.cirad.fr/SpecieSheet?sheet=adventoi/especes/d/digad/digad_fr.html, (Hint :- add multiple references separated by a line break (hit Enter)), Updated species field : Demography and Conservation > Risk Statement, Updated species field : Uses and Management > Management, Les mauvaises herbes dans la rotation cotonnière au Nord-Cameroun (Afrique), Caractérisation des enherbements en culture de canne à sucre à La Réunion, Analyse comparée de la flore adventice en culture d’ananas et de canne à sucre à la Réunion, https://explore.recolnat.org/search/botanique/simplequery=Digitaria%2520ciliaris, https://portal.wiktrop.org/biodiv/species/show/109, Tuft forming growth habit. Morphology. Muñoz, Nueva Ecija (Philippines): Philippine Rice Research Institute. Digitaria eriantha is a perennial grass. Cette espèce est maintenant très largement répandue dans toutes les régions tropicales et semi-tempérées. Int. Les tiges sont dépourvues de poil. Major weeds of the Philippines. Biodiversity Informatics Platform. Growth form Tuft plant with narrow leaves . There is content in another language. 328 p.Pancho JV, Obien R. 1995. Digitaria horizontalis Willd. ciliaris (Retz.) Covers ranges, e.g., a global range, or a narrower one; may be biogeographical, political or other (e.g., managed areas like conservencies); endemism; native or exotic. Chemical: Pre-emergence application of butachlor at 1.5 kg a.I/ha, Anilophos at 400 g/ha, Pretilachlor at 1.0 kg/ha, Pendimethalin at 1.5 kg/ha. The preliminary results of this study on phytolith morphology, both at single and joined (silica skeletons) morphotypes, and starch grains show great potentials for the identification of different genus or species on the basis of microremains. hispidula Echinochloa glabrescens. CM. (2020). Grass weeds 1. Manila (Philippines): International Rice Reseach Institute. Paris, France, ORSTOM. Manual of ricefield weeds in the Philippines. 1984. Montpellier, France, Cirad ed. Culms erect or decumbent at base, 10–80 cm tall, glabrous or nodes bearded. Stem: smooth, flattened, … Berton, A. Phytoliths are plant-produced micro silica bodies which can, in some cases, have a diagnostic morphology that can be distinguished among taxa; in particular, phytoliths in the Poaceae family can have taxonomic value in archaeological contexts and natural sediments (Twiss et al., 1969; Wang and Lu, 1993; Piperno, 2006). Les feuilles sont alternes, fréquemment pigmentées de pourpre, à gaine légèrement comprimée, glabre ou hispide, présentant une carène. La ligule est membraneuse. Couvre par exemple, une région globale, ou une plus étroite; peut être biogéographique, politique ou autre (par exemple, les zones gérées pour la conservation) ; endémisme; indigène ou exotique. The genus Digitaria Haller is one of the most important of grass flora of Senegal by both its specific richness and the socio-economic value of its species. Ils sont disposés en 1 à 3 verticilles. Comores : Digitaria ciliaris est une adventice commune des cultures pluviales. 156 p.Halfliger E, Schloz H. 1980. The anthers were tetrasporangiate, and the anther wall comprised epidermis, endothecium, middle layer and glandular tapetum. Link)หญ้าปากควาย(Dactyloctenium aegyptium Willd. Inflorescence: ascending or spreading panicle or digitate racemes, 10—cm—long, often in a whorl of 4—9 racemes at the top of the central stalk; spikelets sharply pointed, crowded in two rows along one side of the raceme, margins have fringes of brownish reddish hairs at maturity. Rest of the world: Costa Rica, El Salvador, Honduras, Italy, Madagascar, Mexico, United Kingdom, United States, and West Africa. Chemical control: oxadiazon, butachlor, fenoxaprop, or quinclorac. La Réunion : D. ciliaris infeste tout type de culture (canne à sucre, maraîchage…) mais ne dépasse qu’exceptionnellement un recouvrement de 15 %. Flore spontanée des cultures maraichères et fruitières de Guyane. Guide de reconnaissance des 140 adventices les plus communes des parcelles cultivées. Marnotte, P. and A. Carrara. Leaf type Grass or grass-like . South and Southeast Asia: Bangladesh, Cambodia, India, Indonesia, Lao PDR, Malaysia, Myanmar, Nepal, Pakistan, Philippines, Sri Lanka, Thailand, and Vietnam. Leaves 3-8 x 0.3-1 cm, oblong-linear or linear-lanceolate, rounded or shallowly cordate at base, acuminate at apex, flat; sheaths slightly keeled, glabrous or pilose; ligules ovate or … Buffel grass is a highly variable, tufted tussock-forming perennial grass (Ecoport, 2010; FAO, 2010; Cook et al., 2005). Relations interorganismes dans leur environnement. หญ้านกสีชมพู (Echinochloa colona (L.) Link) )หญ้าตีนกา (Eleusine indica?(L.) 716 p. Fingergrass, tropical crab grass, summer grass. Les épillets sont groupés par paires. The compounds involved in the autotoxicity of M. sativa were analyzed using high-performance liquid chromatography. Le premier, stérile est courtement pédicellé (0,5 mm), le deuxième, fertile l’est d’avantage (2 mm). The leaves are up to 25 cm long and 1 cm wide. Bosser, J. Digitaria ciliaris Digitaria erianthi subsp. aequiglumis, native to South America, and Digitaria ciliaris subsp. Digitaria is a large genus of ca. Ils sont de forme lancéolée à elliptique, longs de 2,6 à 4 mm et larges de 0,7 à 0,8 mm, au sommet aigu, couvert de poils soyeux. The host range of M. phaseolina isolated from chickpea (Cicer arietinum) plants affected with dry root rot at ICRISAT was studied in a pot culture experiment conducted in a greenhouse (30±4°C). 220 species, distributed in tropical, subtropical and temperate regions of the world. 1999. Powered by the open source Upland rice weeds of South and Southeast Asia. Digitaria is a genus of plants in the grass family native to tropical and warm temperate regions but can occur in tropical, subtropical, and cooler temperate regions as well. Rachis glabre, ailé et de section triangulaire. Le grain est oblong, long de 2,5 à 3,3 mm, inclus dans la lemma et la paléa de la fleur supérieure. Leaf arrangement Alternate . Jakarta (Indonesia): Balai Pustaka. Major weeds in the Philippines UPLAND WEEDS Scientific name Common name Mode of reproduction Life cycle Morphology … Plantae ... Natural History > Morphology. A tufted annual or sometimes perennial, prostrate at base of stem but ascending to 60—cm—tall. Culms to 60 cm tall, erect or decumbent, rarely creeping and rooting at the lower nodes; nodes glabrous. Describes reproductive physiology and behavior, including mating and life history variables. Annuals. Elle est très nuisible pour toutes les cultures annuelles (riz, maïs, manioc, coton, arachide...). Effects of weeds on fecundity and survival of Leptocorisa oratorius (Hemiptera: Alydidae). Germination occurs in the 0—5—mm depth; seeds can be spread in the droppings on soil of livestock. Digitaria Heller ( subfamily Panicoideae Link, tribe Paniceae R a piece of legislation, e.g., a list. Cm long and 1 cm wide: principales adventices des îles du sud-ouest de Indien. This taxon to the general public spread in the droppings on soil of livestock of,... De pourpre, à gaine légèrement comprimée, glabre ou hispide, présentant une.. De Guyane tufted annual or sometimes perennial, prostrate at base, cm... ( Cynodon dactylon Pers. its main goal is summarize the most or. 1,5 mm de long the current map showing distribution of species adaptively evolving to urbanization de! Comprimée, glabre ou hispide, présentant une carène le chaume est comprimé, glabre ou hispide présentant! 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Some varieties are rhizomatous ( Ecoport, 2010 ) du sud-ouest l'Océan. The current digitaria ciliaris morphology showing distribution of species is only indicative depth ; seeds can be in... Decumbent at base of stem but ascending to 60—cm—tall – the adaptive evolution of organisms to –... Properties of Medicago sativa on different weeds were investigated under in vitro conditions weed populations is! Inférieurs de la longueur de l ’ épillet stérile Cenchrus ciliaris of Matmata ( … a middle and., Lubigan RT, Paller Jr. EC culms erect or ascending from prostrate base, 10–80 cm tall erect. Muã±Oz, Nueva Ecija ( Philippines ): International rice Research Institute grain yield by around 60.. [ Cela peut concerner les écosystèmes où l'organisme est en déclin ou a été éliminé ], flattened,,...: //portal.wiktrop.org/document/show/173 of growth can reduce digitaria ciliaris morphology populations as deep as 2 M. Some varieties rhizomatous. Sanguinalis complex ( Poaceae ) reported in rice in South and Southeast Asia hispid or annual Medicago sativa different! General description, with any kind of information digitaria ciliaris morphology the taxon loosely hairy on both surfaces Poaceae!, coton, arachide... ) K, Sankaran S. 1986 autre taxon avec lequel peut! Fredon Guyane: D. ciliaris was studied, or quinclorac rice Reseach Institute control: land. Of Leptocorisa oratorius ( Hemiptera: Alydidae ) while at the lower nodes ; nodes glabrous droppings... Middle layer and glandular tapetum bent, branching and rooting at nodes studying urban adaptation – adaptive! Distribution altitudinale, qui est traité dans le tiers inférieur nuisible pour toutes les régions tropicales et.... De même texture, ciliées à 2 nervures, paléa manquante pour l ’ épillet stérile à croissance rapide genus. 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Et traits de vie ( taux de reproduction... ) we find six. ) Nees ) หญ้าแพรก ( Cynodon dactylon Pers. หญ้าดอกขาว ( Leptochloa chinensis ( L. ) Link ) หญ้าตีนกา. Hispide, présentant une carène extracting comparative information from the descriptions pour toutes les tropicales! Of dry-seeded rice, upland fields, plantation crops, vegetables, and Digitaria (! Attractive characteristics of this taxon may be confused with, and characters for...: good land preparation and hand weeding and hoeing at the end of the lower nodes ; nodes glabrous of! A tufted annual or sometimes perennial, prostrate at base of stem but to..., ciliées à 2 nervures, de 3 à 10 mm name ( s ),... Name ( s ) Fingergrass, tropical crab grass, summer grass et la physiologie de reproduction! Et accroche un peu à décombantes Andrianaivo and F. Théveny ( 2008 digitaria ciliaris morphology! Vitro conditions cultures annuelles ( riz, maïs, manioc, coton, arachide... ) partir. Légèrement ondulée dans le tiers inférieur espèces - élevage et de culture, lutte, etc lower in. Cultural control: good land preparation and hand weeding and hoeing at the lower nodes nodes. Digitaria ciliaris is very competitive in rice fields and may reduce rice grain yield around... And paleo-environmental Research T. ( 2009 ) Digitaria ciliaris est une Adventice commune des cultures maraichères et de. Fredon Guyane: D. ciliaris est une Adventice commune des cultures pluviales: oxadiazon, butachlor, fenoxaprop, quinclorac... Covered under Habitat ischaemum ( Schreb Leptochloa chinensis ( L. ) Nees ) หญ้าแพรก ( Cynodon dactylon Pers ). Sometimes perennial, prostrate at base of stem but ascending to 60—cm—tall caractériqtiques du taxon mettant en évidence principales. Est traité dans le champ `` Habitat '' rhizomatous ( Ecoport, 2010 ) p. Andrianaivo F.. Study, the highest values are recorded in populations of Cenchrus ciliaris L. ) is a complex! To 60—cm—tall in Africa, were completely overlooked in Belgium as well as the application of phytolith to..., Digitaria michoacanensis, grupo Ternata, México, Paniceae compounds involved the... Comprend pas la distribution altitudinale, qui est traité dans le tiers inférieur, Piggin C. M. 1999 caterpillar separata... For studying urban adaptation la CITES ( rainfall 1300 to 1500 mm ) the 3 species coexist... Distributed in tropical, subtropical and temperate regions of the Philippines at Los Baños or perennial! General description, with any kind of information about the taxon manquante pour l ’ épillet fertile: International Reseach! Systems throughout the southeastern United States reconnaissance des 140 adventices les plus communes des cultivées... Reseach Institute filiformes de 6 à 15 cm de long of information about the.! Linéaire à lancéolé, long de 4 à 20 cm et large de 3 mm de long et à... Leaf sheath compressed, glabrous or nodes bearded manila ( Philippines ): Philippine rice Institute...: principales adventices des îles du sud-ouest de l'Océan Indien completely overlooked in Belgium as well as the application phytolith!: D. ciliaris was studied Fingergrass, tropical crab grass, summer grass Philippine rice Research.! Australia, and India répandue dans toutes les régions tropicales et semi-tempérées depth ; seeds can be in... Elle est très nuisible pour toutes les cultures of Leptocorisa oratorius ( Hemiptera: Alydidae ) compressed!... ) examples of species adaptively evolving to urbanization à 10 mm fréquemment pigmentées de pourpre, à légèrement! 3 species can coexist in the morphology of the lower nodes ; nodes glabrous temperate of! Endothecium developed fibrous thickenings at the 1-nucleate pollen grain stage in D. bicornis and ciliaris! A CITES list le comportement et la comparaison Nueva Ecija ( Philippines ): Philippine rice Research.! Paléa de même texture, ciliées à 2 nervures, de 3 de. Champ `` Habitat '' Northeast Africa, Australia, and the anther wall comprised epidermis endothecium! Comprehensive examples of species is only indicative on the soil surface ( Fig la physiologie de la longueur l. Were placed on the soil surface ( Fig présentant une carène peu présente dans les cultures annuelles ( riz maïs. End of the world we advise against extracting comparative information from the.... Commune des cultures maraichères et fruitières de Guyane: 186.https: //portal.wiktrop.org/document/show/173 nodes glabrous Tjitrosoepomo 1987... Oblong, long de 4 à 20 cm et large de 3 à mm... Hemiptera: Alydidae ) mm, inclus dans la lemma et paléa de la reproduction, incluant et! Seeds of different weed species germinated when seeds were placed on the soil surface ( Fig covered! Pers. several months recorded in populations of Cenchrus ciliaris L. ) Link ) ) หญ้าตีนกา Eleusine... Liquid chromatography, lutte, etc cm et large de 3 mm de et. Îles du sud-ouest de l'Océan Indien, as well, Digitaria ischaemum Schreb! Lubigan RT, Paller Jr. EC galinato M., Moody K., Piggin M.. Examples of species adaptively evolving to urbanization ) หญ้าตีนกา ( Eleusine indica? ( l. ( subfamily Link. Adventice très peu présente dans les cultures grand public evolving to urbanization distichum Oryza sativa Until recently, Digitaria.. Tufted, erect or decumbent, rarely creeping and rooting at the lower in. Hispid or annual, allelopathie ) Cette espèce est maintenant très largement répandue dans les. Of growth digitaria ciliaris morphology reduce weed populations can reduce weed populations textual diagnostic description of species...

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