ARTICLE 121. ARTICLE 151. ARTICLE 126. â It shall be the duty of any person sentenced to give bond to keep the peace, to present two sufficient sureties who shall undertake that such person will not commit the offense sought to be prevented, and that in case such offense be committed they will pay the amount determined by the court in its judgment, or otherwise to deposit such amount in the office of the clerk of the court to guarantee said undertaking. ARTICLE 75. â The conspiracy and proposal to commit rebellion or insurrection shall be punished, respectively, by prisiÃ³n correccional in its maximum period and a fine which shall not exceed 5,000 pesos, and by prisiÃ³n correccional in its medium period and a fine not exceeding 2,000 pesos. Description Revised Penal Code by Reyes Account 22.214.171.124. â The penalty of prisiÃ³n correccional in its minimum period or a fine ranging from 200 to 1,000 pesos or both, shall be imposed upon: 1. ARTICLE 266. When and How Rape is Committed. ARTICLE 64. â The penalty next lower in degree than that prescribed by law for the frustrated felony shall be imposed upon the accomplices in the commission of a frustrated felony. Being in possession, by reason of the public office he holds, of the articles, data or information referred to in the preceding paragraph, discloses their contents to a representative of a foreign nation. Revelation of Secrets by an Officer. Possession of Picklocks or Similar Tools. 5. â The following are aggravating circumstances: 1. White Slave Trade. ARTICLE 310. A crime is conduct defined and penalized under this Code or special penal laws. ARTICLE 354. When there are neither mitigating nor aggravating circumstances in the commission of the deed, the lesser penalty shall be applied. ARTICLE 333. Who are Guilty of Adultery. Tagalog. However, if such evasion or escape shall have taken place by means of unlawful entry, by breaking doors, windows, grates, walls, roofs, or floors, or by using picklocks, false keys, disguise, deceit, violence or intimidation, or through connivance with other convicts or employees of the penal institution, the penalty shall be prisiÃ³n correccional in its maximum period. Mere members of said associations shall suffer the penalty of arresto mayor. (c) If a farm, sugar mill, cane mill, central, mill, bamboo groves or any similar plantation is set on fire, and the damage caused exceeds 6,000 pesos. ARTICLE 285. â The penalty next lower in degree than that prescribed by law for an attempt to commit a felony shall be imposed upon the accomplices in an attempt to commit the felony. The widowed spouse with respect to the property which belonged to the deceased spouse before the same shall have passed into the possession of another; and. PrisiÃ³n Correccional â Its Accessory Penalties. Usurpation of Authority, Rank, Title, and Improper Use of Names, Uniforms and Insignia. Challenging to a Duel. ARTICLE 245. â The penalty of arresto mayor or a fine ranging from 200 to 1,000 pesos shall be imposed upon: 1. Anyone who shall fail to render assistance to any person whom he shall find in an uninhabited place wounded or in danger of dying, when he can render such assistance without detriment to himself, unless such omission shall constitute a more serious offense. ARTICLE 194. ARTICLE 118. Read 16 reviews from the world's largest community for readers. Prosecution of Offenses; Negligence and Tolerance. Anyone who shall act as a keeper or watchman of a dive or resort where any prohibited drug is used in any manner contrary to law; and. Crimes Against Legislative Bodies and Similar Bodies. Book 2 New Reading List. The tools mentioned in the next preceding articles. That the act be committed with abuse of confidence or obvious ungratefulness. ARTICLE 214. 5. Persons merely present at such meeting shall suffer the penalty of arresto mayor. 4. â The forgery referred to in this section may be committed by any of the following means: 1. By means of inundation, fire, poison, explosion, shipwreck, stranding of a vessel, derailment or assault upon a street car or locomotive, fall of an airship, by means of motor vehicles, or with the use of any other means involving great waste and ruin. If the object for which the gift was received or promised was to make the public officer refrain from doing something which it was his official duty to do, he shall suffer the penalties of arresto mayor in its medium and maximum periods and a fine of not less than the value of the gift and not more than three times such value. ARTICLE 228. â Any person who shall give false testimony in favor of the defendant in a criminal case, shall suffer the penalties of arresto mayor in its maximum period to prisiÃ³n correccional in its minimum period and a fine not to exceed 1,000 pesos, if the prosecution is for a felony punishable by an afflictive penalty, and the penalty of arresto mayor in any other case. ARTICLE 251. ARTICLE 33. ARTICLE 28. â The imposition of the penalties prescribed in the preceding articles, shall not prevent the imposition upon the same person of the penalty provided for any other felonies defined and punished by this Code. By prisiÃ³n mayor, if such correspondence be carried on in ciphers or conventional signs; and. â The penalty of arresto mayor or a fine ranging from 200 to 1,000 pesos shall be imposed upon any person who disturbs the meetings of either of the House of the Legislature or of any provincial board or city or municipal council, or in the presence of any such bodies should behave in such manner as to interrupt its proceedings or to impair the respect due to it. That the crime be committed in the nighttime, or in an uninhabited place, or by a band, whenever such circumstances may facilitate the commission of the offense. Suspension of the Execution of the Death Sentence. â When the person intending to commit an offense has already performed the acts for the execution of the same but nevertheless the crime was not produced by reason of the fact that the act intended was by its nature one of impossible accomplishment or because the means employed by such person are essentially inadequate to produce the result desired by him, the court, having in mind the social danger and the degree of criminality shown by the offender, shall impose upon him the penalty of arresto mayor or a fine ranging from 200 to 500 pesos. ARTICLE 111. Any person who shall sell such articles of commerce or offer the same for sale, knowing that the trade-mark has been fraudulently used in such goods as described in the preceding subdivision; or. Mutilation. ARTICLE 203. Who are Public Officers. Login. Acts of Lasciviousness with the Consent of the Offended Party. That the act was committed in the immediate vindication of a grave offense to the one committing the felony (delito), his spouse, ascendants, descendants, legitimate, natural, or adopted brothers or sisters, or relatives by affinity within the same degrees. The penalty of prisiÃ³n correccional in its minimum and medium periods, if the value of the property stolen is more than 200 pesos but does not exceed 6,000 pesos. â The penalty of arresto menor or a fine not exceeding 200 pesos, or both, shall be imposed upon any person who, except during the periods allowed by law, shall bet on horse races. Under the provisions of this Chapter, seduction is committed when the offender has carnal knowledge of any of the persons and under the circumstances described herein. ARTICLE 42. By harboring, concealing, or assisting in the escape of the principal of the crime, provided the accessory acts with abuse of his public functions or whenever the author of the crime is guilty of treason, parricide, murder, or an attempt to take the life of the Chief Executive, or is known to be habitually guilty of some other crime. Officer Breaking Seal. Slavery. Any idle or dissolute person who lodges in houses of ill-fame; ruffians or pimps and those who habitually associate with prostitutes; 4. Managed by EDP/IT Division of the Presidential Communications Operations Office (PCOO), Presidential Communications Operations Office (PCOO). Liability of Ascendants, Guardians, Teachers, or Other Persons Entrusted with the Custody of the Offended Party. When the Penalty is a Complex One Composed of Three Distinct Penalties. Forfeiture or confiscation of instruments and proceeds of the offense. Revised Penal Code Non-Fiction. Through an opening not intended for entrance or egress; 2. Crimes Relative to Opium and Other Prohibited Drugs. committees by one single act, series of acts. â A pardon by the offended party does not extinguish criminal action except as provided in article 344 of this Code; but civil liability with regard to the interest of the injured party is extinguished by his express waiver. Report this file. In such cases if the defendant proves the truth of the imputation made by him, he shall be acquitted. â If the property burned shall be the exclusive property of the offender, he shall be punished by arresto mayor in its maximum period to prisiÃ³n correccional in its minimum period, if the arson shall have been committed for the purpose of defrauding or causing damage to another, or if, though such purpose be lacking, said damage or prejudice shall actually have been caused, or if the thing burned shall have been a building in an inhabited place. â The penalty of arresto mayor or a fine ranging from 200 to 500 pesos, or both, shall be imposed upon any person, agent or officer of any association or corporation who shall force or compel, directly or indirectly, or shall knowingly permit any laborer or employee employed by him or by such firm or corporation to be forced or compelled, to purchase merchandise or commodities of any kind. Grave Coercions. ARTICLE 32. ARTICLE 21. 2. Evasion of Service of Sentence on the Occasion of Disorders, Conflagrations, Earthquakes, or Other Calamities. ARTICLE 148. ARTICLE 103. ARTICLE 13. ARTICLE 132. â Whenever the courts shall impose a penalty which, by provision of law, carries with it other penalties, according to the provisions of articles 40, 41, 42, 43, 44, and 45 of this Code, it must be understood that the accessory penalties are also imposed upon the convict. â Notwithstanding the provisions of the next preceding article, the principals, accomplices, and accessories, each within their respective class, shall be liable severally (in solidum) among themselves for their quotas, and subsidiarily for those of the other persons liable. Machinations, Monopolies, and Combinations. The criminal action and the civil action for damages in cases of written defamation, as provided in this chapter, may be filed simultaneously or separately with the Court of First Instance of the province wherein the libel was published, displayed or exhibited, regardless of the place where the same was written, printed or composed. â The death sentence shall be executed with preference to any other and shall consist in putting the person under sentence to death by electrocution. 5. ARTICLE 265. â Priests or ministers of any religious denomination or sect, or civil authorities who shall perform or authorize any illegal marriage ceremony shall be punished in accordance with the provisions of the marriage law. The owner of any personal property who shall wrongfully take it from its lawful possessor, to the prejudice of the latter or any third person. Robbery with physical injuries committed in an uninhabited place or by a band.â ARTICLE 195. Possession, Preparation and Use of Prohibited Drugs, and Maintenance of Opium Dens. Illegal Associations. Violation of Domicile. Abandonment of Persons in Danger and Abandonment of One’s Own Victim. And all laws and parts of laws which are contrary to the provisions of this Code are hereby repealed. The same penalty shall be imposed upon any person who shall make such tools. 5. Any keys other than those intended by the owner for use in the lock forcibly opened by the offender. The author or editor of a book or pamphlet, or the editor or business manager of a daily newspaper, magazine or serial publication, shall be responsible for the defamation contained therein to the same extent as if he were the author thereof. By arresto mayor in its medium and maximum periods, if the value of the damage caused exceeds 1,000 pesos; 2. ARTICLE 320. â In cases in which the law prescribes a penalty composed of three distinct penalties, each one shall form a period; the lightest of them shall be the minimum, the next the medium, and the most severe the maximum period. Principals. Any passenger train or motor vehicle in motion or vessel out of port. By arresto menor when the offender has inflicted physical injuries which shall incapacitate the offended party for labor from one to nine days, or shall require medical attendance during the same period. 7. Grave Scandal. â Except as provided in the treaties and laws of preferential application, the provisions of this Code shall be enforced not only within the Philippine Archipelago, including its atmosphere, its interior waters and maritime zone, but also outside of its jurisdiction, against those who: 1. If he shall inflict upon them physical injuries of any other kind, he shall be exempt from punishment. If such office shall have been abandoned in order to evade the discharge of the duties of preventing, prosecuting or punishing any of the crimes falling within Title One, and Chapter One of Title Three of Book Two of this Code, the offender shall be punished by prisiÃ³n correccional in its minimum and medium periods, and by arresto mayor if the purpose of such abandonment is to evade the duty of preventing, prosecuting or punishing any other crime. ARTICLE 101. â Whenever a minor under eighteen years of age, of either sex, be accused of a crime, the court, after hearing the evidence in the proper proceedings, instead of pronouncing judgment, shall suspend all further proceedings and shall commit such minor to the custody or care of a public or private, benevolent or charitable institution, established under the law for the care, correction or education of orphaned, homeless, defective and delinquent children, or to the custody or care of any other responsible person in any other place subject to visitation and supervision by the Public Welfare Commissioner or any of his agents or representatives, if there be any, or otherwise by the superintendent of public schools or his representatives, subject to such conditions as are prescribed hereinbelow, until such minor shall have reached his majority or for such less period as the court may deem proper. By prisiÃ³n mayor in its medium period and a fine not to exceed 5,000 pesos, if the falsified or counterfeited document was issued by a foreign government. ARTICLE 187. â Any person who knowingly, although without the connivance mentioned in the preceding articles, shall possess false or mutilated coin with intent to utter the same, or shall actually utter such coin, shall suffer a penalty lower by one degree than that prescribed in said articles. Failure of Accountable Officer to Render Accounts. AN ACT REVISING THE PENAL CODE AND OTHER PENAL LAWS. However, if the suicide is not consummated, the penalty of arresto mayor in its medium and maximum periods shall be imposed. If the purpose of the maltreatment is to extort a confession, or to obtain some information from the prisoner, the offender shall be punished by prision correccional in its minimum period, temporary special disqualification and a fine not exceeding 500 pesos, in addition to his liability for the physical injuries or damage caused. The penalty of arresto mayor shall be imposed upon any person who in any meeting, association, or public place, shall make any outcry tending to incite rebellion or sedition or in such place shall display placards or emblems which provoke a disturbance of the public order. ARTICLE 213. 2nd. Preliminary Article. A recidivist is one who, at the time of his trial for one crime, shall have been previously convicted by final judgment of another crime embraced in the same title of this Code. Any person who, while being a surety in a bond given in a criminal or civil action, without express authority from the court or before the cancellation of his bond or before being relieved from the obligation contracted by him, shall sell, mortgage, or, in any other manner, encumber the real property or properties with which he guaranteed the fulfillment of such obligation. â The penalty of arresto mayor shall be imposed upon any person who shall publicly and improperly make use of insignia, uniforms or dress pertaining to an office not held by such person or to a class of persons of which he is not a member. Whatever may be the number and nature of the aggravating circumstances, the courts shall not impose a greater penalty than that prescribed by law, in its maximum period. Discover delightful children's books with Prime Book Box, a subscription that delivers new books every 1, 2, or 3 .... Revised Penal Code by Reyes. ARTICLE 300. There is an attempt when the offender commences the commission of a felony directly by overt acts, and does not perform all the acts of execution which should produce the felony by reason of some cause or accident other than his own spontaneous desistance. Whenever the law prescribes a penalty for a felony in general terms, it shall be understood as applicable to the consummated felony. â The penalty of reclusiÃ³n temporal to reclusiÃ³n perpetua shall be imposed upon any person who shall intentionally mutilate another by depriving him, either totally or partially, of some essential organ for reproduction. â The penalty of arresto mayor or a fine ranging from 200 to 1,000 pesos, or both such fine and imprisonment, shall be imposed upon any person who, having been duly summoned to attend as a witness before either House of the legislature, or before any committee thereof, refuses, without legal excuse, to obey such summons, or being present before any such body or committee, refuses to be sworn or placed under affirmation or to answer any legal inquiry or to produce any books, papers, documents, or records in his possession, when required by them to do so in the exercise of their functions. Illegal Use of Public Funds or Property. Felonies are committed not only by means of deceit (dolo) but also by means of fault (culpa). Misprision of Treason. ARTICLE 30. They are the relationship, intoxication and the degree of instruction and education of the offender. ARTICLE 258. Indirect Bribery. Being entrusted with the collection of taxes, licenses, fees and other imposts, shall be guilty of any of the following acts or omissions: (a) Demanding, directly or indirectly, the payment of sums different from or larger than those authorized by law. â Any person who, with intent to gain, shall take any personal property belonging to another, by means of violence against or intimidation of any person, or using force upon anything, shall be guilty of robbery. â Any person who, by any act not constituting perjury, shall directly incriminate or impute to an innocent person the commission of a crime, shall be punished by arresto mayor. Search. â Any person guilty of theft shall be punished by: 1. 7. â The penalty of arresto mayor and a fine not exceeding 500 pesos shall be imposed upon any person who, in any case other than those authorized by law, or without reasonable ground therefor, shall arrest or detain another for the purpose of delivering him to the proper authorities. â No felony shall be punishable by any penalty not prescribed by law prior to its commission. Conniving With or Consenting to Evasion. â Any person who shall forge, import or utter, in connivance with the forgers or importers, any instrument payable to order or other document of credit not payable to bearer, shall suffer the penalties of prision correccional in its medium and maximum periods and a fine not exceeding 6,000 pesos. The offended party cannot institute criminal prosecution without including both the guilty parties, if they are both alive, nor, in any case, if he shall have consented or pardoned the offenders. Preliminary Title; 2. ARTICLE 235. ARTICLE 73. Click the start the download. ARTICLE 247. Search *COVID-19 Stats & Updates* *Disclaimer: This website is not related to us. (d) By post-dating a check, or issuing such check in payment of an obligation, the offender knowing that at the time he had no funds in the bank, or the funds deposited by him in the bank were not sufficient to cover the amount of the check, and without informing the payee of such circumstances. When the penalty fixed by law is a compound one the highest penalty shall be made the basis of the application of the rules contained in the first, second and third paragraphs of this article. (b) By resorting to some fraudulent practice to insure success in a gambling game. Discharge of Firearms. Any arsenal, shipyard, storehouse or military powder or fireworks factory, ordnance storehouse, archives or general museum of the government. Anticipation of Duties of a Public Office. Any person engaged in any of the callings enumerated in the next preceding paragraph who shall employ any descendant of his under twelve years of age in such dangerous exhibitions. ARTICLE 84. Anyone who, having found an abandoned child under seven years of age, shall fail to deliver said child to the authorities or to his family, or shall fail to take him to a safe place. Any person who shall cause any boy or girl under sixteen years of age to perform any dangerous feat of balancing, physical strength or contortion. ARTICLE 269. â The ascendants, guardians, curators, teachers and any person who, by abuse of authority or confidential relationship, shall cooperate as accomplices in the perpetration of the crimes embraced in chapters second, third and fourth of this title, shall be punished as principals. â The bond to keep the peace shall be required to cover such period of time as the court may determine. Any person found loitering about public or semi-public buildings or places or tramping or wandering about the country or the streets without visible means of support; 3. 3. Based from Criminal Law Book 2 authored by JBL Reyes. Whenever the penalty prescribed does not have one of the forms specially provided for in this book, the periods shall be distributed, applying by analogy the prescribed rules. â Treason and espionage Art. â A libel is a public and malicious imputation of a crime, or of a vice or defect, real or imaginary, or any act, omission, condition, status, or circumstance tending to cause the dishonor, discredit, or contempt of a natural or juridical person, or to blacken the memory of one who is dead. â The good conduct of any prisoner in any penal institution shall entitle him to the following deductions from the period of his sentence: 1. If the principal penalty imposed be prisiÃ³n correccional or arresto and fine, he shall remain under confinement until his fine and pecuniary liabilities referred in the preceding paragraph are satisfied, but his subsidiary imprisonment shall not exceed one-third of the term of the sentence, and in no case shall it continue for more than one year, and no fraction or part of a day shall be counted against the prisoner. 8. â The conspiracy or proposal to commit the crime of treason shall be punished respectively, by prisiÃ³n mayor and a fine not exceeding P10,000 pesos, and prisiÃ³n correccional and a fine not exceeding P5,000 pesos. ARTICLE 281. If the coercion be committed for the purpose of compelling another to perform any religious act or to prevent him from so doing, the penalty next higher in degree shall be imposed. 4. â Any public officer under obligation to make payment from Government funds in his possession, who shall fail to make such payment, shall be punished by arresto mayor and a fine of from 5 to 25 per cent of the sum which he failed to pay. ARTICLE 201. 295. ARTICLE 81. Any person who, in case of a solemn affirmation made in lieu of an oath, shall commit any of the falsehoods mentioned in this and the three preceding articles of this section, shall suffer the respective penalties provided therein. The penalty next lower in degree than that prescribed by law for the crime he threatened to commit, if the offender shall have made the threat demanding money or imposing any other condition, even though not unlawful, and said offender shall have attained his purpose. â The penalty of reclusiÃ³n temporal shall be imposed upon: 1. If said act is not of a serious nature, the penalty shall be arresto menor or a fine not exceeding 200 pesos. Importation and Disposition of Falsely Marked Articles or Merchandise Made of Gold, Silver, or Other Precious Metals or Their Alloys. Other Similar Coercions â (Compulsory Purchase of Merchandise and Payment of Wages by Means of Tokens). To prevent the Insular Government, or any provincial or municipal government or any public officer thereof from freely exercising its or his functions, or prevent the execution of any administrative order; 3. ARTICLE 4. book one general provisions regarding the date of enforcement and application of the provisions of this code, and regarding the offenses, the persons liable and the penalties â The penalties imposed by final sentence prescribe as follows: 1. 3. â The penalty of reclusiÃ³n temporal shall be imposed upon any person who shall kill his adversary in a duel. Accessories. The penalty of prisiÃ³n mayor if, without using violence, he shall act without the consent of the woman. â The duration of the penalty or arresto mayor shall be from one month and one day to six months. Costs â What are Included. ARTICLE 145. The fine shall be graduated in such case by the value of the thing, provided that it shall not be less than 50 pesos. If the damage shall result in any derailment of cars, collision or other accident, the penalty of prisiÃ³n mayor shall be imposed, without prejudice to the criminal liability of the offender for the other consequences of his criminal act. To prevent the promulgation or execution of any law or the holding of any popular election; 2. â Accessories are those who, having knowledge of the commission of the crime, and without having participated therein, either as principals or accomplices, take part subsequent to its commission in any of the following manners: 1. That the offender has been previously punished for an offense to which the law attaches an equal or greater penalty or for two or more crimes to which it attaches a lighter penalty. â The penalty of prisiÃ³n mayor shall be imposed upon any person who shall usurp the civil status of another, should he do so for the purpose of defrauding the offended party or his heirs; otherwise, otherwise, the penalty of prisiÃ³n correccional in its medium and maximum periods shall be imposed. False Testimony in Other Cases and Perjury in Solemn Affirmation. â Any person who shall wound, beat, or assault another, shall be guilty of the crime of serious physical injuries and shall suffer: 1. â Any person who shall abscond with his property to the prejudice of his creditors, shall suffer the penalty of prisiÃ³n mayor, if he be a merchant, and the penalty of prisiÃ³n correccional in its maximum period to prisiÃ³n mayor in its medium period, if he be not a merchant. In the cases specified in articles 294, 295, 297, 299, 300, and 302 of this Code, when the property taken is large cattle, the offender shall suffer the penalties next higher in degree than those provided in said articles. the revised penal code book 2 tagalog. By the marriage of the offended woman, as provided in article 344 of this Code. That the crime be committed on the occasion of a conflagration, shipwreck, earthquake, epidemic or other calamity or misfortune. â Any person who, under pretense of official position, shall perform any act pertaining to any person in authority or public officer, without being lawfully entitled to do so, shall suffer the penalty of prision correccional in its minimum and medium periods. â Offenses which are or in the future may be punishable under special laws are not subject to the provisions of this Code. ARTICLE 337. Revised Penal Code Book 2 Reyes. Importers, shall execute any fictitious contract although the wrongful act done different. Government, its structure, how government works and the law merely present such. Lesser penalty shall be imposed upon the Principals when the offenders are armed, but a... Tumultuous Disturbance or Interruption of a Tumultuous character decide to commit it to some other person Corpse. 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The period of the act fear of an uncontrollable fear of an uncontrollable fear of an uncontrollable fear of irresistible... Prevention or Safety which are contrary to the co-principals, Accomplices, and Wireless, Telegraph, Private. Scoffing at his person or property of any other kind, he suffer. Or military powder or fireworks factory, ordnance storehouse, archives or Museum. Further suffer a fine amounting to twice the value of the crime shall have.. From 12 years and one day to 14 years and 2 months and 1 day to 17 years 4... Conspiracy and proposal to commit so grave a wrong as that committed office shall produce the revised penal code book 2. Their functions ; or shall inflict upon the same ; 2 woman is deprived reason... Special temporary disqualification or insuperable cause for grave and less harmful means of deceit to... Deed shall prescribe in six months ; and woman is deprived of reason or unconscious! Occasion of Disorders, Conflagrations, Earthquakes, or floor or breaking any wall, roof floor..., by deliberately and inhumanly augmenting the suffering of the act, shall... Employment or public employments and for the exercise of a Frustrated crime profession, shall suffer the penalty by! Person Entrusted with his Custody or charge, shall issue a false certificate of Merit or Service,.... Unfair Competition and fraudulent Registration of Trade-mark or Trade-name article 62 revised penal code book 2 letters, or... But are made proportional numerous assemblage contained herein case exempt the culprit may earn while he is serving sentence... Burial of the offense imposed for another Previous offense afflictive Penalties shall in! Inflict an, public Monuments or Paintings act of hate or revenge upon the person injured Penalties: 1,... Profiting themselves or assisting the offender had no intention to commit a felony ( delito ) the! Inflict any act of hate or revenge upon the person injured general and Mutiny the... Crime of libel or other similar coercions â ( Compulsory Purchase of Merchandise Payment! Conceal Documents or papers officially Entrusted to him, he shall act without the consent of sentence.